In Vitro Fertilisation

In Vitro Fertilization is an assisted reproduction treatment that consists in the fertilization of the eggs outside the body (in vitro), that is, the sperm is attached to the egg in a laboratory dish so that, 3 to 5 days later, the embryos are
transferred to the uterus of the woman receiving the treatment.
We leave here a video of our doctor explaining the treatment in detail, but you can call us or send us a message if you prefer.

Does In Vitro Fertilization ensure success the first time?

The probability of pregnancy with in vitro fertilization increases with the number of attempts made. In patients with their own oocytes, 37% became pregnant the first time, compared to 77.5% in the second attempt. Patients who did not become pregnant and continued with a third attempt achieved a cumulative
probability of 92.6%.

What is in vitro fertilization for?

In vitro fertilization is an assisted reproduction technique where the knowledge and experience of specialized medical teams are put at the service of single mothers, lesbian couples and heterosexual couples whose greatest desire in life is to conceive a baby.

It is usually used when other less expensive and simpler treatments have failed.
Or, depending on age.

IVF treatment step by step

At FIVMadrid we are specialized as an in vitro fertilization clinic and in reproductive health. Therefore, we know how important it is to have all the information when thinking about carrying out a treatment. This is the in vitro fertilization treatment step by step:

In general, an IVF cycle begins coinciding with the first days of menstruation. Sometimes it is necessary to program it with previous contraceptives to know for sure when it will be possible to start the treatment.

There is no standard protocol for ovarian stimulation since each woman needs a personalized protocol. However, it usually consists of the administration of a medication called gonadotropin which increases the woman’s egg production.

The patient is followed up with serial transvaginal ultrasounds to examine the state of the ovaries and blood tests to see if the hormone levels are adequate. The duration of this phase is 12 to 15 days and 3 to 5 ultrasounds are needed.

Once the necessary eggs are available, they are extracted. The oocytes are collected by puncture of the follicles via transvaginal puncture, under ultrasound control and under medication that ensures that the woman does not feel any pain or discomfort.
If a woman does not produce any eggs, donated eggs can be used for the treatment.

Here we move on to the union between the oocytes and sperm. The eggs can be fertilized in two ways:

Traditional In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

The sperm are deposited in the same culture medium in which the eggs are already in the culture plate, thus simulating the natural fertilization process.


In Vitro Fertilization With Icsi (Intracytoplasmic Microinjection)

Our expert embryologists individually select the best spermatozoa and inject them one by one into the cytoplasm of each egg.

The sperm are selected using the IMSI technique, which allows us to visualize the sperm at 20 times magnification. Once each sperm is selected, it is prepared for fertilization in the ZYMOT microfluidic chamber.

When the egg begins to divide its cells, it becomes an embryo. The development of the embryos is evaluated in real time by time lapse for approximately 5 days.

If there is a risk of implantation failure or miscarriage, PGD (Preimplantational Genetic Diagnosis) is performed

This is a simple and painless process, which takes place on day 3 or 5 (blastocyst) of the culture, since this is the natural phase prior to implantation.

The selected embryos (no more than two) are introduced through a fine cannula into the uterus, under ultrasound control. If the embryo is successfully implanted in the uterus, it continues its growth there and is considered a successful pregnancy.

The process lasts between 10 and 20 minutes, and the remaining embryos are frozen, although they can also be donated to help women and couples who are
unable to have children.

Choose fivmadrid, where children come from

Once you know the IVF process step by step and you believe it is the most appropriate treatment, in FIVMadrid you will find the allies you need during this process of parenthood. Make an appointment and start this journey towards your shared happiness.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the advantages that IVF offers?

The main advantage is that you get several embryos that can be transferred to the uterus at different times, which increases the chances of getting pregnant

How much does IVF treatment cost?

At Fivmadrid, the cost of an in vitro fertilization is 3900€

How long does the IVF process last?

Two weeks

What success rates are there with IVF?

It depends on the age of the patient and the number of attempts made, so the first recommendation is to schedule a first consultation at a specialized center and listen to the opinion of the specialist

Is in vitro fertilization painful?

No, because the patient is being sedated

How are the drugs administered?

Intradermally, with very fine needles

What side effects can drugs cause?

That many follicles are generated and there is hyperstimulation

How long does the stimulation last?

The time it will take for the follicles to reach a size of about 20 mm. Overall, 10 to 12 days.

What is egg pick-up and what effects does it have?

The procedure is carried out by means of a guided ultrasound and very rarely there is bleeding

What is the moment of embryo implantation during an IVF treatment?

In general, the embryos are transferred to the uterine cavity after three to five days of evolution, depending on the short or long culture recommended by the doctor

Where we are

Do you have any doubts?

Since 1992, we have brought more than 50.000 children into the world.
fivmadrid, where children come from