What is Artificial Insemination (IA)?
Consists of introducing the sperm of the partner or a donor, properly prepared in the laboratory, into the uterus with a fine cannula.
When is it indicated?
- In a couple, it is proposed when a deficit in sperm production is detected (azoospermia), a decrease in the number or mobility, abnormalities, or if the man is a carrier of a hereditary disease.
- Unknown cause of the reproductive dysfunction.
- Ovulation disorders.
- Single Women (No male partner).
Procedure for AI.
It consists of four phases:
- Start of the cycle with menstruation
- Ovulation control
Done through serial ultrasound, and can be carried out in two types of cycle:
- Natural cycle: controlling your spontaneous ovulatory cycle.
- Stimulated cycle: with gonadotropins and controlling your ovulatory cycle, in order to obtain 1 or 2 good quality ovarian follicles.
The ovulation control phase lasts 8 to 15 days and requires 2 – 3 ultrasound scans. This second method allows better results.
Done on the day of ovulation. A painless procedure that does not require sedation and lasts between 5 and 10 minutes. After intrauterine insemination, you can lead a normal life.
- Pregnancy test
Carried out two weeks after.
How successful is an Artificial Insemination?
Homologous insemination: the average pregnancy rate per cycle is 15%.
Heterologous insemination: the average pregnancy rate per cycle is 25%.
The chances of pregnancy depend on the age of the woman. After the age of 38, these decrease considerably.
How many AI can be performed?
It is not recommended to make more than 6 insemination attempts.
If the inseminations are not successful, your doctor will recommend the best alternative.